- Year of Birth: 1987
Diploma in Psychology (2013) - LMU Munich
- Quality of scientific reasoning skills assessments
- Assessment, facilitation and domain-generality/specificity of scientific reasoning skills in university students
Current Research Project
So far there is no overview of tests that measure scientific reasoning skills. Thus, not enough is known about the quality and characteristics of the tests and there is no consensus how to measure scientific reasoning. In addition, resources are wasted on creating new tests because researchers were not aware of existing tests.
- Research Questions:
Which tests of scientific reasoning skills do exist? What is their theoretical background? What scientific reasoning skills are covered? What are the assumptions about domain generality / specificity? What are the psychometric properties of the tests?
- Preliminary Results:
In a systematic search of the literature 38 assessments were discovered. There were two big waves of assessment development, 1973 – 1989 and 2002 – today. There is not one dominant theoretical approach to construct assessments but different preferences in different times. The same can be said about assumptions about domain generality. Additionally, domain generality assumptions are usually not checked. Regarding psychometric properties little is known about differences to other cognitive abilities.
- Allgaier, A., Krick, K., Opitz, A., Saravo, B., Romanos, M., & Schulte-Körne, G. (2014). Improving early detection of childhood depression in mental health care: The Children׳s Depression Screener (ChilD-S). Psychiatry Research, 217(3), 248-252
Opitz, A., Heene, M., & Fischer, F. (2014). Review of tests of scientific reasoning skills. Round-table presentation at the 18. Conference of the junior researchers of EARLI “Learning and Instruction Inside Out”, June 30th – July 4th 2014, University of Cyprus. Nicosia, Cyprus.
- Opitz, A., Heene, M., & Fischer, F. (2014). Review of tests of scientific reasoning skills. Poster presentation at the 49. Kongress der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Psychologie „Die Vielfalt der Psychologie”, September 21st – 25th 2014, Ruhr-Universität Bochum. Bochum, Germany.