Psychology in the Learning Sciences

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Prof. Moritz Heene

Prof. Moritz Heene

Director of the "Doctoral Training Program in the Learning Sciences"
Assistant Director of the "Psychology Master's Program in the Learning Sciences"


Prof. Moritz Heene’s research interests concern the research methodologies. Although his focus has been on statistical problems this should not hide the fact that on a more fundamental level, his research deals with the question to which extent certain scientific claims can (or cannot) be derived from statistical methods commonly applied in psychology.
Finished and ongoing research of his includes:
• Statistical simulation studies: Assessing the performance of model tests and goodness-of-fit indices in structural equation modeling and Rasch models
• File-drawer effects (publication bias) in meta-analysis
• Quantitative genetics: Bias in heritability estimates when certain assumptions about genetical architectures are violated
• Foundations of multigroup structural equation modeling
• Logic of measurement and additive conjoint measurement


Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München
Department of Psychology
Leopopldstr. 13
D-80802 München

Room: 3101
Phone: +49 (0) 89 / 2180 – 72514
Fax: + 49 (0) 89 / 2180 – 99-6888

Office hours:
Monday, 15:00-16:00 by appointment per email.


Further Information


Academic Director of the "Doctoral Training Program in the Learning Sciences"

Research interests

  • Statistical simulation studies: Assessing the performance of model tests in SEM and Rasch models
  • File-drawer effects (publication bias) in meta-analysis
  • Foundations of multigroup SEM analysis
  • Quantitative genetics: Bias in heritability estimates when making various false assumptions about genetical architectures
  • Rasch models: Application of uni- and multidimensional Rasch models in high-stakes testing settings
  • Multilevel analysis: Application of multilevel models for clustered and repeated measurement data
  • Standardized admission testing


  • Opitz, A., Heene, M., & Fischer, F. (2017). Measuring scientific reasoning – a review of test instruments. Educational Research and Evaluation, 23(3), 1-24.
  • Maraun, M. & Heene, M. (2016). A note on the implications of factorial invariance for common factor variable equivalence. Communications in Statistics – Theory and Methods, 45(14), 4181–4193. doi: 10.1080/03610926.2014.917186. PDF
  • Eid, M., Geiser, G., Koch, T., and Heene, M. (2016). Anomalous Results in G-Factor Models: Explanations and Alternatives. Psychological Methods, Aug 15 , No Pagination Specified. doi:10.1037/met0000083
  • Heene, M., Kyngdon, A., & Sckopke, P. (2016). Detecting Violations of Unidimensionality by Order-Restricted Inference Methods. Quantitative Psychology and Measurement, 3.
  • Aguilar-Raab, C., Heene, M., Grevenstein, D., & Weinhold, J. (2015a). Assessing drug-specific knowledge as a protective factor in illicit substance use: the Heidelberger Drogenbogen (Heidelberg drug scales – HDB). Journal of Substance Use, 20(6), 424-429.
  • Aguilar-Raab, C., Heene, M., Grevenstein, D., & Weinhold, J. (2015b). Assessing Drug Consumption Behavior With the Heidelberger Drogenbogen (Heidelberg Drug Scales): Reliabilities, Validities, and Cut-Off Criteria. Substance Use & Misuse, 50(13), 1638-1649.
  • Bollmann, S., Böbel, E., Heene, M., Bühner, M. (2015). Which person variables predict how people benefit from True-False over Constructed Response items? Psychological Test and Assessment Modeling, Volume 57, 2015 (2), 147-161.
  • Heene, M., Bollmann, S., & Bühner, M. (2014). Much ado about nothing, or much to do about something?: Effects of scale shortening on criterion validity and mean differences. Journal of Individual Differences, 35(4), 245–249. doi:10.1027/1614-0001/a000146
  • Bluemke, M., Heene, M., Bipp, T., & Steinmayr, R. (2014). Das Führungskompetenzmodell des „Adaptive Leadership Competency Profile (ALCP)“: Eine Gültigkeitsprüfung mithilfe der Probabilistischen Testtheorie [The ‘Adaptive Leadership Competency Profile (ALCP)’: Validation on the basis of probabilistic test theory]. Wirtschaftspsychologie, 16(1), 81-94.
  • Fischer, F., Kollar, I., Ufer, S., Sodian, B., Hussmann, H., Pekrun, R., Neuhaus, B., Dorner, B., Pankofer, S., Fischer, M., Strijbos, J.-W., Heene, M., & Eberle, J. (2014). Scientific Reasoning and Argumentation: Advancing an Interdisciplinary Research Agenda in Education. Frontline Learning Research 2(2), 28-45. doi: 10.14786/flr.v2i2.96
  • Rauh-Pfeiffer, A., Handel, U., Demmelmair, H., Peissner, W., Niesser, M., Moretti, D., Martens, V., Wiseman, S., Weichert, J., Heene, M., Bühner, M. & Koletzko, B. (2014). Three-month B vitamin supplementation in pre-school children affects folate status and homocysteine, but not cognitive performance. European Journal of Nutrition, 1-12. doi: 10.1007/s00394-013-0647-y
  • Musekamp, F., Spöttl, G., Mehrafza, M., Heine, J.H., Heene, M. (2014). Modeling of Competences for Students of Engineering Mechanics. International Journal of Engineering Pedagogy, 4(1), 4-12.
  • Heene, M. (2013). Additive conjoint measurement and the resistance toward falsifiability in psychology. Frontiers in Quantitative Psychology and Measurement, 246. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00246. Selected as a “Key Research Article” by “Psychology Progress” (Center for Top Research in Psychology).
  • Musekamp, F., Mehrafza, M., Heine, J.-H., Schreiber, B., Saniter, A., Spöttl, G. et al. (2013). Formatives Assessment fachlicher Kompetenzen von angehenden Ingenieuren. Validierung eines Kompetenzmodells für die Technische Mechanik im Inhaltsbereich Statik. In O. Zlatkin-Troitschanskaia, R. Nickolaus & K. Beck (Hrsg.). Kompetenzmodellierung und Kompetenzmessung bei Studierenden der Wirtschaftswissenschaften und der Ingenieurwissenschaften. Lehrerbildung auf dem Prüfstand, Sonderheft. 6, 177–193 [Themenheft]. Landau: VEP.
  • Ferguson, C., & Heene, M. (2012). A Vast Graveyard of Undead Theories: Publication Bias and Psychological Science’s Aversion to the Null. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 7(6), 555–561. doi:10.1177/1745691612459059
  • Draxler, C., Küchenhoff H., Heene, M., Bühner, M. & Mang, J. (2012). A comparison of parametric methods testing the Rasch Model. Advances and Applications in Statistical Science, 8, 1-27.
  • Benedek, M., Franz, F., Heene, M., & Neubauer, A. (2012). Differential Effects of Cognitive Inhibition and Intelligence on Creativity. Personality and Individual Differences, 53(4), 480–485.
  • Ziegler, M., Danay, E., Heene, M., Asendorpf, J., Bühner, M. (2012). Openness, Fluid Intelligence, and Crystallized Intelligence: Toward an Integrative Model. Journal of Research in Personality, 46(2), 173–183.
  • Papousek, I., Ruggeri, K., Macher, M., Paechter, P., Heene, M., Weiss, E.M., Schulter, G., & Freudenthaler, H.H. (2012). Psychometric evaluation and experimental validation of the Statistics Anxiety Rating Scale. Journal of Personality Assessment, 94(1), 82-91.
  • Heene, M., Hilbert, S., Draxler, C., Ziegler, M., & Bühner, M. (2011). Masking Misfit in Confirmatory Factor Analysis by Increasing Unique Variances: A Cautionary Note on the Usefulness of Cutoff Values of Fit Indices. Psychological Methods, 16(3), 319-336
  • Heene, M., Hilbert, S., Freudenthaler, H.H., & Bühner, M. (2011). Sensitivity of SEM Fit Indices with respect to Violations of uncorrelated Errors. Structural Equation Modeling, 19(1), 36-50. Selected as a “Key Research Article” by “Psychology Progress” (Center for Top Research in Psychology).
  • Heene, M., Draxler, C., Ziegler, M., & Bühner, M. (2011). Performance of the Bootstrap Rasch Model Test under Violations of non-intersecting Item Response Functions. Psychological Test and Assessment Modeling, 53(3), 283-294.
  • Heene, M. (2011). An Old Problem with a New Solution, Raising Classical Questions: A Commentary on Humphry. (Invited commentary). Measurement, 9, 51-54.
  • Fischer, P., Krueger, J.I., Greitemeyer, T., Vogrincic, C., Kastenmüller, A. Frey, D., Heene,M., Wicher, M., & Kainbacher, M. (2011). The Bystander-Effect: A Meta-Analytic Review on Bystander Intervention in Dangerous and Non-Dangerous Emergencies. Psychological Bulletin, 137(4), 517-537
  • Heene, M. (2010). A brief history of the Fail Safe Number in Applied Research. arXiv: electronic archive and distribution server for research articles.
  • Strahler, K., Ehrlenspiel, F., Heene, M., & Brand, R. (2010). Competitive anxiety and cortisol awakening response in the week leading up to a competition. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 11, 148-154.
  • Schoenemann, P. H. & Heene, M. (2009). Predictive validities: Figures of merit or veils of deception? Psychology Science Quarterly, 51(2), 195-215.
  • Heene, M. (2008). A Rejoinder to Mackintosh and some Remarks on the Concept of General Intelligence. arXiv: electronic archive and distribution server for research articles.
  • Dziobek, E. & Heene, M. (2007). Construction of a factorial validated Questionnaire to describe Brand Personality in Germany. (Original title: Erstellung einer faktoriell validierten Skala zur Beschreibung von Markenpersönlichkeiten im deutschsprachigen Raum). Planung & Analyse, 1/2007.

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Peter H. Schonemann, a renegade, to whom I owe much.