Wirtschafts- und Organisationspsychologie

Links und Funktionen



LFP Managing Time in Teams Imlicitly and Explicitly: The Interaction between Shared Temporal Mental Models and Team Temporal Leadership

Semester: SoSe 2013 & WiSe 2013/2014

Dozenten: Dr. Katharina Kugler & Dr. Julia Reif


Effective temporal coordination is a challenge for work-teams. Teams need to coordinate their inter- and intra-team processes in order to meet deadlines and temporally structure projects. Time can be managed via explicit coordination like team temporal leadership (TTL, i.e., a member takes on the task of managing time) or implicit coordination like shared temporal mental models (STMM, i.e., team members act according to mental models they concordantly hold in their minds). We suggest that STMM und TTL both have a positive effect on team performance; but combined, they hamper rather than promote each other.
We conducted a multilevel longitudinal study with student-teams (N=138 individuals, N=34 teams), who worked on innovation projects. In the middle (T1) and the end of the project (T2) we measured STMM, TTL, and performance via online-questionnaires.
A multilevel-analysis showed positive main effects for STMM (T2) and TTL (T2) as well as an interaction effect with respect to performance (T2), while controlling for performance (T1).
The interaction effect indicates that it is better if only one of the two mechanisms for temporal coordination is present, not both simultaneously.
While the study’s strength is its longitudinal design allowing quasi-causal conclusions, the student sample and self-report performance measure constitute limitations. In addition to focusing on main effects of TTL and STMM this study shows that considering the interaction between different implicit and explicit mechanisms of coordination is important. Future research is asked to further investigate interactions of explicit and implicit temporal coordination, which help teams to temporally structure projects.


Kugler, K. G., Reif, J. A. M., Ponschab, A., Gonnermann, I., & Brodbeck, F. C. (2015). Managing Time in Teams Implicitly and Explicitly: The Interaction between Shared Temporal Mental Models and Team Temporal Leadership. Presented at the Conference of the European Association for Work and Organizational Psychology. Oslo, Norway