Cognitive Neuropsychology

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Cognitive Neuropsychology

How do we remember?
What brain mechanisms are involved in encoding and retrieval of memories?
What happens to our memories during sleep?
How do we orient ourselves in space?


Our research aims to find answers to these and other basic cognitive neuroscience questions. We mainly use electroencephalography in healthy subjects and intracranial recordings in patients to investigate the neural mechanisms underlying cognitive processes during wake and sleep.

Participate in a Study

Interested in participating in research on memory and eye movements? See here.

New Publications

  • Griffiths, B. J., Schreiner, T., Schaefer, J. K., Vollmar, C., Kaufmann, E., Quach, S., ... & Staudigl, T. (2024). Electrophysiological signatures of veridical head direction in humans. Nat Hum Behav.
  • Schaefer, J. K., Engert, V., Valk, S. L., Singer, T., & Puhlmann, L. M. (2024). Mapping Pathways to Neuronal Atrophy in Healthy, Mid-aged Adults: From Chronic Stress to Systemic Inflammation to Neurodegeneration?. Brain, Behavior, & Immunity-Health, 100781.
  • Schreiner, T., Petzka, M., Staudigl, T. et al. Respiration modulates sleep oscillations and memory reactivation in humans. Nat Commun 14, 8351 (2023).
  • Meyer, M., Colloff, M., Bennett, T., Hirata, E., Kohl, A., Stevens, L.M., Smith, H.M.J., Staudigl, T., Flowe, H.D. (2023). Enabling witnesses to actively explore faces and reinstate study-test pose during a lineup increases discriminability. bioRxiv, 2023-010.
  • Silva, M., Wu, X., Sabio, M., Conde-Blanco, E., Roldan, P., Donaire, A., ... & Fuentemilla, L. (2023). Neocortico-hippocampal ripple-based coordination during naturalistic encoding. bioRxiv, 2023-09.
  • Griffiths, B.J., Staudigl, T. (2023). Why and How Should I Track Eye-Movements During iEEG Recordings?. In: Axmacher, N. (eds) Intracranial EEG. Studies in Neuroscience, Psychology and Behavioral Economics. Springer, Cham.
  • Griffiths, B.J., Weinert, D., Jensen, O., Staudigl, T. (2023). Imperceptible gamma-band sensory stimulation enhances episodic memory retrieval. bioRxiv 2023.07.21.550057.
  • Popov, T., & Staudigl, T. (2023). Cortico-ocular coupling in the service of episodic memory formation. Progress in Neurobiology, 102476.
  • Schreiner, T., Griffiths, B.J., Kutlu, M., Vollmar, C., Kaufmann, E., Quach, S., Remi, J., Noachtar, S., Staudigl, T. (2023). Memory reactivation of real-world spatial orientation revealed by human electrophysiology. bioRxiv 2023.01.27.525854; doi:
  • Griffiths, B.J., Zaehle, T., Repplinger, S., Schmitt, F.C., Voges, J., Hanslmayr, S., Staudigl, T. Rhythmic interactions between the mediodorsal thalamus and prefrontal cortex precede human visual perception. Nat Commun 13, 3736 (2022).
  • Schreiner, T., Kaufmann, E., Noachtar, S., Mehrkens, J. H., & Staudigl, T. (2022). The human thalamus orchestrates neocortical oscillations during NREM sleep. Nature communications, 13(1), 1-16.
  • Wu, X., Viñals, X., Ben-Yakov, A., Staresina, B. P., & Fuentemilla, L. (2022). Post-encoding Reactivation Is Related to Learning of Episodes in Humans. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 1-16.
  • Wagner, I.C., Jensen, O., Doeller, C.F., Staudigl, T. (2022). Saccades are coordinated with directed circuit dynamics and stable but distinct hippocampal patterns that promote memory formation. bioRxiv 2022.08.18.504386; doi:
  • Wu, X., & Fuentemilla, L. (2022). Distinct encoding and post-encoding representational formats contribute to episodic sequence memory formation. bioRxiv.
  • Wu, X., Packard-Blasco, P., García-Arch, J., Bunzeck, N.,Fuentemilla, L. (2022). Contextual incongruency triggers memory reinstatement and the disruption of neural stability. bioRxiv 2022.07.26.501077;
  • Staudigl, T., Minxha, J., Mamelak, A. N., Gothard, K. M., & Rutishauser, U. (2022). Saccade-related neural communication in the human medial temporal lobe is modulated by the social relevance of stimuli. Science Advances, 8(11), eabl6037. DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.abl6037
  • Griffiths, B. J., Martín-Buro, M. C., Staresina, B. P., & Hanslmayr, S. (2021). Disentangling the roles of neocortical alpha/beta and hippocampal theta/gamma oscillations in human episodic memory formation. NeuroImage, 242, 118454.